【语法教学教案】语法教学心得


英语语法 2016-05-05 20:03:13 英语语法
[摘要]On Grammar Teaching & LearningBefore I undertook to teach the Grammar Course of

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                     On Grammar Teaching & Learning

Before I undertook to teach the Grammar Course of Global IELTS, I felt that it must be quite boring both to myself and to the students, as I have always been told, from the very first day when I came to learn English, that grammar is the most boring course.
在教授语法课程之前,我想学生一定和我一样,认为这是无聊透顶的一门课程。因为早些年刚刚开始学英语的时候,就常听人说,语法很无聊。这似乎已经成为思维定势了。

However, things turn out to be quite the opposite.
只是语法不仅无聊,而且很重要。
而且,更令我吃惊的是,教了几轮,我发现事实并非如此。

When the students came to me, at the end of the course, and told me that they benefited a lot from my teaching, I was more than encouraged and glad. It is also because of their encouragement that I dare to set pens to paper and write down this essay on my observations of grammar teaching----just some food for thought.
每当在课程结束的时候,学生跑过来,对我说:“老师,我从你的课上学到很多”。我就会无比欢欣鼓舞。也正是因为他们的鼓励,我才敢写下这篇教学心得。

Most of the students came to attend the course because they have met difficulties in writing and speaking, two of the required subjects for IELTS exams. “ I simply don’t know how to write” as many of them would complain to me. Since I have been teaching writing and speaking for a long time, I try my best to link the grammar course with the writing and speaking ability to make it more target-oriented.
大多数来上语法课的学生都是在写作和口语方面最弱的。经常听到学生说:“老师,我不会写,怎么办?” 而我一直也都有教授雅思写作和口语,所以,我会把语法教学与写、说联系起来,使其更有的放矢。

I divide my course into nine parts.
我把课程分为9部分。

First, basic sentence structures. I would, on the first day of the course, remind the students of the basic SEVEN sentence structures used in English. I use the word “remind” rather than “teach” here, because most of the students sitting out there know what the structures are as soon as I write them down on the blackboard, except that they never realize it, or that they have never tried to use them actively.
第一部分,基本的句型结构。这是第一节课就必须让学生掌握的内容,否则,日后的课程就很难学习。

I would also remind the students how important these SEVEN basic sentence structures—albeit simple—are, because they are the basis of producing beautiful English, both in speaking and writing.
一共有7个基本句型结构。看似接单,却是日后写出优雅标准的英文句子的基础。

Second, prepositions and conjunctions. These are also two essential parts of using English. Prepositions seem small, but one cannot possibly be regarded as a good English speaker without a good command of prepositions. And one cannot possibly write CORRECTLY without a good command of conjunctions.
第二,连词和介词。

Third, terms. This can be the most boring part. I have to explain to the students both terms and special sentence structures related to a specific term to make it sound interesting, or to some, worthy of learning.
第三,时态。大多数学生都学过时态,可是,大多数学生,又都不会正确的使用时态。我在讲解这一语法的过程中,使用的大量的例句,并教授特殊句型,课堂就会更有趣。

Fourth, model verbs. Many students would mistakenly thing that it is an easy task to learn model verbs because all you need to do is to put the original form of a verb after a model verb. However, it only turns out to be much more complicated. I will to explain the complicated rules of model verbs to my students in a way as much organized as possible. Seeing them nodding in understanding makes me feel so good.
第四,情态动词。很多学生会误以为情态动词很容易,因为只要把动词原型置放其后就可以了。这只对了一半。还有另外一半的用法就要复杂的多。

Fifth, passive voice.
第五,被动语态。 

Sixth, inversion, including full inversion and partial inversion. Sentences written in inversion are a good tool to show emphasis. If used in writing and speaking, they produce good effects. And in listening and reading, they are often used to show emphasis and often show the direction of the answers.
第六,倒装句。这是对阅读和听力最为有助的一章。因为文章的重点部分常常会用到倒装句。

Seventh, clauses. When the course moves on to this stage, the students will come to understand the importance of the first class: basis sentence structures. No one can grasp clauses well without a good command of the seven sentence structures.
第七,从句。学到这一章节,大家就会了解第一部分――基本句型――的重要性了。如果基本句型没有掌握,是很难写出长句的。

Eight, the subjunctive mood. Many students complain the subjunctive mood is their biggest headache, and are afraid of it from the first day of the course, even though I leave it to the last day. My method is to ask them to memorize examples rather than the formula showing how to use the mood.
第八,虚拟语气。许多学生都抱怨说最头疼的就是虚拟语气。从上课第一天起就开始害怕。其实,我是在最后一节课才讲授虚拟语气的。呵呵。我让学生不要去记住所谓的句型公式,而是去牢记一个例句就足够了。

Ninth, culture. I also talk about idioms and expressions related to the Bible and western myths, in particular, Roman and Greek myths. The students find it interesting. There are some expressions which they had already known for a long time, except that they didn’t know where they come from till they attended the course.
第九,文化部分。这一部分是分别镶嵌在平时每节课的教学过程中的。内容包括让大家掌握发源于古罗马神话、古希腊神话,以及《圣经》中的英文表达。

Having written so much, I hope more will come to meet and make friends in the course. And more will send emails to us to exchange your views on English learning.
写了这么多,最后,还是希望,能够通过语法课程认识更多的学生朋友。也祝愿大家前程似锦。

相关热点: 英语句型 英语语法 虚拟语气 英语万能作文模板

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