2018高考英语听力_高考英语听力十大必备场景词汇


英语听力 2020-09-24 08:22:39 英语听力
[摘要]高考(高考试题)考试的对话内容场景基本上都是考生所熟悉的,有校园、生活、工作、各种社交场所。了解一些场景下的常用语和常见表达对解题是很有帮助的。对这些常用词汇和短语不仅要知道其本身的意思,还要知道它们[db:cate]

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高考(高考试题)考试的对话内容场景基本上都是考生所熟悉的,有校园、生活、工作、各种社交场所。了解一些场景下的常用语和常见表达对解题是很有帮助的。对这些常用词汇和短语不仅要知道其本身的意思,还要知道它们的同义表达方式。这是因为现在听力试题(名校试题)一般不会在选项中出现对话中的原词和词组。以下场景是对话当中所占比例最大的,掌握了这些场景下的常用短语和表达方式,也就从词汇和短语方面抓住了解题的关键。

(1)餐馆场景:

May I take your order now? 现在点菜吗?order 点菜 serve 上菜 change 零钱 Keep the change! 不用找零钱了! tip 小费 treat 请客 (This is my treat! 我请客!)go Dutch AA (Let’s go fifty fifty. ) steak 牛排 cheese奶酪 sandwich 三明治 bacon 腌肉 soup plain water 自来水(西餐中洗手用的)doughnut 多纳圈 appetizer 开胃物 dessert甜品,水果(作为正餐的最后一道) go out for dinner / dinner out 出去吃饭 snack bar 小吃街;大排挡 hamburger 汉堡包 coke 可口可乐 French fries 炸薯条 dining hall ;coffee shop ;restaurant ;cafeteria ;canteen; buffet 自助餐

(2)邮局场景:

stamp envelope package / parcel 包裹 overweight 超重 extra postage 额外邮资 send / post / deliver a letter / mail /发信 express mail 快件 airmail 航空信件 surface mail 陆地邮寄open an account 开一个帐户

(3)图书馆场景:

library card; borrow; lend; keep; renew; bookshelf; novel; science fiction科幻小说;magazine; periodical期刊; reference book; librarian 图书管理员 pay a fine 交罚款 Can I help you? / What can I do for you?

(4)医院及健康场景:

aspirin 阿司匹林 regular doctor 私人医生 emergence department 急诊室 ICU (= intensive care unit)特护病房 treatment 治疗手段 take one’s temperature / blood pressure 测量体温/血压 medicine: pills / tablets药丸/药片 heart attack 心脏病 cold / flu 流感:have/catch a cold; pain; headache; stomach-ache; backache; sore-throat喉咙痛 cough; feverWhat’s up? (多用于男生之间)How is it going? How are you? 回答:I’m fine. / I feel good/terrific. / I couldn’t be better. / Nothing is very wrong with me. 好。 I am not feeling good. / I feel terrible/horrible/awful. / I am not myself these days. 不好。 (注意听语气:身体好的时候,语调上扬,语气非常欢快; 身体不好的时候,降调,语气非常郁闷。)

(5)电话场景:

operator 接线员 Extension six two two six, please. 请转6226 The line is bad/ busy / engaged. It kept a busy line. 电话占线。long distance call 长途电话 collect call 对方付费的电话 put through 接通电话 hold on / up Hold the line, please. Hello! This is …speaking. Who’s speaking? / who is this? call/ telephone/ ring/ phone sb. ;give sb. a call/ ring I’ll call back later / again. I’ll ring him / her up again. I couldn’t get through. Sorry, I’m afraid you have the wrong number.

(6)酒店场景:

make a reservation 预定房间 reception desk 接待处 check in 入住 check out 结帐 single room 单间 suite套间 Do you have a reservation Sir? Have you got any vacant room? (= Is there any room available here?)有空房间吗?All the room are occupied. 房间已满。Can I have a suite please? How much do you charge for that? Smoking or no smoking? Meals included. 包括饮食。Can I show you your room? / Can I carry your luggage?

(7)超速场景:

speeding May I see your license, please? You will be fined by $20.

(8)购物场景:

store 杂货店 department store 百货商场 shopping center 购物中心 商品信息:size; color; style; price What color/size/kind do you want? 商品论贵贱expensive, cheap 价格论高低high, low bargain便宜货 popular / fashionable 流行的 in fashion 流行,时尚 out of fashion 过时的 brand 品牌 counter 柜台 pay in cash 用现金支付 pay in check 用支票支付 credit card 信用卡 shop assistant 商店营业员 out of stock 脱销/缺货 in stock 有货

(9)天气场景:

cloudy 阴天 overcast 多云 thunder 打雷 strong/ high wind 大风 tornado 龙卷风 typhoon 台风 storm 风暴 blizzard暴风雨 It rains cats and dogs.(=The rain is pouring.)下着倾盆大雨。downpour倾盆大雨 shower 阵雨 clear up 天空放晴 put away clothes 下雨收衣服 weather in London / Seattle 意指不好的天气 weather in California 意指好天气 经常和天气相联系的情况:vacation flight(航班) (be delayed/cancelled by the bad weather)

(10)机场场景:

flight 航班 Welcome on board 欢迎登机 bound for…飞往……方向去的 check in 办理登机手续 behind schedule 晚点 take off 起飞land降落

(十一)高考英语听力必记词汇

月份、星期、交通、、货币(钱)、地点(情景用语)等词汇。  

1、月份

  January Jan. February Feb.

  March Mar. April Apr.

  May May. June Jun.

  July Jul. August Aug.

  September Sep(t). October Oct.

  November Nov. December Dec.

2、星期

  Sunday Sun. Monday Mon.

  Tuesday Tue. Wednesday Wed(s).

  Thursday Thu. Friday Fri.

  Saturday Sat.

3、交通

  Traffic, plane, bus, car, train, subway(underground), boat, ship, taxi, transportation, timetable, journey, speed,

4、货币()

  U. S Dollar, Hong Kong Dollar (HK$), yuan, RMB , pound (), pocket change, coin, check, cash, credit card, bank,

5、地点(情景用语)

  餐馆(restaurant)用语:

  meal, menu, bill, order, tip, hamburger, sandwich, soup, dish, beer, soft drink, fully booked(客满),;

  医院(hospital)用语:

  take medicine, temperature, pill, headache, fever, blood pressure, waiting room, ;

  宾馆(hotel)用语:

  single room, double room, room number, room service, check in, check out, lift / elevator;

  邮局(post office)用语:

  mail, deliver, stamp, envelope, telegram, postage;

  机场(airport)用语:

  flight, take off, land, luggage, China Airline, information desk, boarding, customs, departure time, arrival,;

  车站(station)用语:

  round trip, single trip, sleeping car, ticket, fair, conductor, ;

  商店(shop)用语:

  on sale, size, color, price, change, customer, expensive, cheap, discount, ;

  学校(school)用语:

  exam, course, dining hall, playground, library, lab, degree, foreign language, optional course, required course等。

  家庭(family)用语:

 relatives, relationship, reunion, uncle, parents, aunt, family-get-together, generation,

6、节日

  holiday, festival, Mid-autumn Day, May Day, National Day, Teachers Day, Childrens Day, Mother(Father)s Day, New Year, Christmas Day, Thanksgiving Day, Easter ,Halloween, Valentines Day,

7、体育

  Basketball, football ,volleyball, baseball, tennis, table-tennis, badminton running , swimming, shooting, fishing, surfing ,skating ,rock climbing, jumping, gym, stadium,

8、娱乐

 talk show, concert, show, exhibition, film, movie, play, theatre, museum, music, entertainment, band, chess, amusement park, nightclub, picnic, bowling,

9、职业

  clerk , secretary, manager , boss, professor, lawyer, businessman, driver, doctor nurse, headmaster, headmistress, librarian, engineer, technician, farmer, policeman policewoman, coach,

10、健康(问题)

  health, gain weight, lose weight, keep fit, balanced diet, smoking, go on a diet, take exercise, gym

11、时间

  Century, year, month, week, day, hour, minute, second, yesterday, today, tomorrow, weekend,

At noon, morning, afternoon, evening, night,

The moment/minute…一…(就…)

12、科目

  Chinese Mathematics English

  Physics Chemistry Biology

  Politics History Geography

  Arts Music Physical Education (P E)

13、国籍(nationality)

  Chinese, Japanese, German, French, American, Australian, Englishman, Russian, New-Zealander,

  Canadian, Italian, Spanish,

14、主要国家、地区、城市

  The Peoples Republic of ChinaBeijing The United States of AmericaUSA New YorkChicago ,The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland U.KLondonFranceParis, Germany, Berlin, Australia, Canberra / Sydney, Japan, Tokyo, Canada ,Toronto/ Ottawa, Italy , Rome, Spain , Madrid , Russia , Moscow, Europe,

15、数()

  Million, thousand, hundred, dozen, score, decade, first, second, third, fourth, fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth, twentieth,

16、科技

  computer, surf the Internet, technology, science, information, e-mail, download, on line, off line, clone, robot, cell phone/ mobile phone, satellite, spaceship

17Clothes(衣物)

  clothing , dress, suit, evening dress, jacket, shirt ,skirt, T-shirt, trousers pants, shorts, blouse, sweater, coat, overcoat, tie, socks, stockings, shoes, boots hat , cap ,uniform

18Food and drinks(食物与饮料)

  hamburger, sandwich(es), bread, flour, milk, pork, beef, lamb, chicken , fish, rice, vegetable, black-tea, green-tea , coffee, black coffee, wine, alcohol, soft drinks

19、听力句型:

1Thats settled. 【就这么定了】2Take your time/Take things easy.【别慌】.

3Anything but cheap【并不便宜】. 4No wonder

5Its a deal【一言为定】. 6Youre kidding.【你开玩笑吧】7Can we make it?【我们可把时间定在…? 8Thats the way it is.【事情就是这样的】

9It depends. 10Its not intended for scientists, either.【也不是为科学家而准备的】

10) Its far from easy.【一点也不容易】

11You cant be serious !【别开玩笑了】

12.Thats beyond my imagination.【这超出我的想象】

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