英语四级考试大纲 2023-11-20 11:55:02 英语四级考试大纲






Wechat Conquers the World

Since the policy of Reform and Open in the last century, Chinese economy develops so rapidly. At the same time, the technology catches up with the world. The popular social communicational tool Wechat was created in China, but now it conquers the world and people is crazy about it.

The reason why people like to use Wechat is that the functions are all-sided. Before Wechat, the most popular social communicational tool like facebook though is creative, it has to download another software to better communication. While for Wechat, everything is simple, you don’t need to download another software. What’s more, you can pay and have the webcam with your friends. The comment that your friends give to you is more private, only the common friends can share. As it is so convenient, people say that they can do everything with a smart phone at hand.

Technology changes our life and people’s need promotes the improvement of technology. We use our wisdom and create the new things. We should be proud of us and show to the world that Chinese people are creative.




Which Is More Important

As can be seen from the picture above, there is a conversation between a son and a father. The father told his son that it is more important to empty the dustbin than to worry about disposing of nuclear waste, that is to say, small things go first when dealing with big things. I’m definitely on the father’s side in this and I’m sure I’m not alone.

A case in point is the successful launch of ShenZhou 10 spacecraft, which excites everyone and makes every feel proud of China. Behind this great event there are a host of detailed things, called petty things, conducted by millions of scientists, who have devoted themselves to the mission. It is the petty things that contribute to the success, which reminds us of the significance of small things. We also take ourselves for example. It is acknowledged that before running we must learn to stand and walk building up a solid foundation for running. Although walking is considered as a trifle while running is treated as a great thing, walking is the first step.

As an old saying, One can’t Make a By Success without Bing Self reliant. So we should keep it in our mind that before accomplishing important tasks, perform small tasks. Only in this way can we make the highest eminence.


Present In The Progression

Letting Life Unfold

Our lives are guided by natural rhythms that are particular to each of us and cannot be altered by force of will alone. Life itself is a journey made up of processes and events that manifest before us only to be swept away when time marches on. Whether we envision ourselves creating a career, building a family, or developing the self, we instinctively know when the time has come for us to realize our dreams because all that is involved comes together harmoniously. When the time is right, the passage of destiny cannot be blocked. Yet as desperate as we are to touch these beautiful futures we have imagined, we cannot grow if we are not fully present in the evolutionary experience. The present can be challenging, uncomfortable, and tedious, but life unfolds as it will, and the universe will wait patiently as we make our way into the unknown.

The fate that awaits us is not dependent on our pace, which was preordained before we ever appeared in human guise. Therefore there is no reason to rush through life to reach those pinnacles of development associated with the paths we have chosen. Enjoying and fully experiencing the journey of life is as important as achieving goals and reaching milestones. There are lessons we can learn during those moments that seem immaterial or insignificant that we cannot learn at any other time. Appreciating these takes patience, however, because human beings tend to focus on the fulfillment of expectations rather than the simple joys of being.

Like many people, you have no doubt longed for a device that would give you the power to fast forward through certain periods of your existence. Yet haste is by its very nature vastly more stressful than serene fortitude. When you feel yourself growing impatient because the pace of your development is deceptively slow, remember that everything that will occur in your life will occur in its own time. Quelling your urge to rush will enable you to witness yourself learning, changing, and becoming stronger. There is so much to see and do in between the events and processes that we deem definitive. If you are patient enough to take pleasure in your existence"s unfolding, the journey from one pinnacle to the next will seem to take no time at all.



Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying ”The meaning of life is to find your gift, the purpose of life is to give it away.\" You can cite examples to illustrate your point of view. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.


The Meaning and Purpose of Life

Everyone may encounter a scene when he or she wonders what the meaning and purpose of life is. Answers to this question vary from person to person. As for me, I agree with the view that the meaning of life is to discover your gift and the purpose of life is to make the best of it.

On one hand, one’s gift could be the source of his inner happiness, providing spiritual impetus and correct orientation. Take the world-renowned Chinese pianist Lang Lang as an example. His gift was noticed before he was 3 years old, which laid the foundation of his glorious life. On the other hand, proper use of talent helps people to realize their value in a positive way, thus making contribution to the society as a whole. For instance, Isaac Newton made a universally amazing discovery by digging into his gift and finding the Newton’s law of gravitation.

In conclusion, let’s search for our true gift and utilize it to the fullest to achieve a happy and valuable life.



Love in College

As a college student, campus is our home, a warm and sunny house, you can find the vigor to live and sustain for ever. But do remember there is unusual scenery you should pay great attention to, that is the love in the campus. When it comes to this theme, various words rushed into my mind, sweet, happy, love for ever, everything sounds to be wonderful.

However, our elders always exaggerate about love in college. They believe that it is a waste of time and money. It will make students to forget their studies and eventually may even destroy their lives.

As for me, although I am looking forward to having an excellent boy study and live with me, it is just a dream actually.① We are still children, do not have enough experience in love; we do not take in the spirit of true love.② For us it is just a good feeling, a slight feeling because of well-dressed or handsome appearance, not by instinct. How about the personality or her habits, we do not know, we just love because of her beauty. Love depending on this will certainly go not so further, one day, you find you two are unable to share in the same way, you will quit, leaving tears fallen down. It turns out that love in the campus is commonly short and dreamful.

I think after you become mature enough, then you can use your sharp eyes to recognize people, find who you really suit to, then, take it seriously.③

[261 words]



文章结构精巧,论证有力,正反对比加强了论证的效果。段落之间运用了however,as for me 这样的过渡词使文章思路更加清晰,一目了然。certainly, seriously这样的词汇更使作者的态度鲜明确定。文章使用口语体的形式,所以在一些连接词的使用上没有过于遵守语法规则,这一点需要注意。








vigor n. 精力,活力

sustain vt. 维持,持续

scenery n. 风景,景色

exaggerate v. 夸大,夸张

instinct n. 本能,直觉,天性

personality n. 人格,个性


①【注释】look forward to期待做…,盼望….

【临摹】They are looking forward to her visit.他们在期待着她的来访。

②【注释】take in理解,吸收

【临摹】We couldn’t take in the meaning of the word.我们无法理解这个词的含义。

③【注释】take sth. seriously严肃对待…,认真看待…

【临摹】You should step away from the video games,and take your study seriously.你应该远离电子游戏,认真对待学业。


Love me little, love me long. 爱不贵亲密,贵长久。

Love is blind. 爱情是盲目的。



①As the graph depicts , …

②From the cartoon /picture , we can see that …

③According to the statistics shown in the first /second graph ,

④The table shows / indicates / reveals that …

⑤It can be seen /concluded from the picture / table / figures that …


①Recently , …has become the focus of the society .

②…has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life .

③Nowadays there is a growing concern for …

④Nowadays it is common to hear /see …

⑤…has become a common occurrence in our daily life .

⑥Nowadays more and more people are beginning to be aware of the seriousness of …

⑦It is only during the last /past few years that man has become generally aware that …

⑧There is an old / popular saying / proverb which says / goes …

⑨In recent years , there is a general tendency …

⑩Nowadays … has become a problem we have to face .


①Some people like / prefer …, while others are / feel inclined to …

②There are different opinions among people as to … Some believe … whole hold …

③Some people claim that … is superior to … Others , however , disagree with it .

④Some people believe … Others maintain … Still others claim …

⑤Some people suggest … Others , however , hold the opposite opinion .

⑥On the one hand , people tend to … On the other hand , they feel …

⑦Some people argue that … Others , in contrast , believe that …

⑧Although more and more people come to believe … there are still others who insist that …

⑨On the contrary , there are people in favor of …

⑩There are some people who hold different opinions about …


①My own experience tells me that …

②In my opinion , we should attack more importance to …

③As for my own idea about … I believe …

④As far as I am concerned , I plan to …

⑤Personally , I prefer …

⑥In my view , both sides are partly right in that …

⑦But for me , I would rather …

⑧My own point of view is that …

⑨In conclusion , I support the statement that …

⑩As regards me , I tend to choose …


①Thank you for your letter of …

②It is a pleasure for me invite you on behalf of … to accept …

③Thanks so much for your letter , which arrived …

④I am writing to you with reference to …

⑤I am writing to you in connection with …

⑥I would be grateful if you could / would …

⑦I would like to know some information on …

⑧It will be appreciated if you can / could …

⑨I would also like to know if you can / could …

⑩I look forward to hearing from you .


①From what has been discussed / mentioned above , we may conclude that …

②Therefore , it is not difficult to draw / come to the conclusion that …

③It is high time that something was done about …

④From all the reasons / consideration above , it is evident / clear / obvious that …

⑤Taking into account all these factors , we may reach the conclusion that …

⑥Given the reasons / consideration I have just outlined / discussed / presented , I strongly recommend that …

⑦It is clear , therefore , that …

⑧All in all ,what really matters is , in fact , to …

⑨It is essential that effective measure be taken to …

⑩From what has been discussed above , we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that …




写作部分测试学生用英语进行书面表达的能力。写作测试选用考生所熟悉的题材,要求考生根据所提供的信息及提示(如:提纲、情景、图片或图表等)写出一篇短文, 四级120-180词,六级150-200词。分值占比15%。




1)四级对话部分(Listening Conversations):






2)六级对话部分(Listening Conversations):








【 四级听力改革练习】【 六级听力改革练习】




1) 选词填空:





3) 仔细阅读部分:






1.春节你 你相亲了吗


作文题目:Blind Date

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "Blind Date". You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:



Enjoying popularity across the whole society, blind date is becoming more common and acceptable in China today which appeals to countless people. However, for it, people"s views differ.

According to a recent survey, young people are found quite positive about blind dates. They believe that blind date can help them experience more, make new friends, etc.

Even though most blind dates will not develop into romantic relationship that people search for, it still is an effective way for us to meet more people. However, some people think differently. They argue that people who go for blind date may value materials more than the personality. For instance, a girl may like to date a wealthy guy rather than a poor one.

To sum up, despite the above negative views on blind date, I still think it is a good way for the youngsters to socialize.



作文题目:How to Study Efficiently


As students, we have to study almost every day. However, not everybody knows how to study efficiently.Do you want to know better about it?

There is some relationships between the study efficiency and the hours spent in studying in a day.In fact, more hours of study do not necessarily result in better or higher study efficiency.It is said that the optimum of efficiency comes when one studies about 5 hours and the efficiency begins to drop as he studies longer than it. By the time when one studies 11 hours per day, his efficiency of study becomes very poor.

In conclusion, there is always a maximum of efficiency and an appropriate amount of time for study in a day. More time spent in study doesn’t always mean greater efficiency.



作文题目:Listening is More Important than Talking

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Listening is more important than talking.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of listening. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

It is quite important to be a good listener.Effective listening is more than simply avoiding the bad habit of interrupting others while they are speaking.It’s being content to listen to the entire thought of someone rather than waiting impatiently for your chance to respond.

Slowing down your responses and becoming a better listener aids you in becoming a more amiable person.As you wait for the person you are communicating with to finish,as you simply listen more intently to what is being said,you will feel more relaxed,and so will the people you are talking to.Not only will being a better listener make you a more patient person,but it will also improve your relationship with others because everyone loves to talk to someone who truly listens to what they are saying.

It is quite easy for you to be a better listener.As long as you for get yourself and imagine yourself in the speaker’s experience to understand the emotion behind the words,and then give your appropriate responses slowly,you will be an endeared listener.





Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Extravagant Spending on College Campus. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline below:





Extravagant Spending on College Campus

According to a survey, in recent years the monthly expenditure of a college student has been on the sharp rise. Many college students have no concept of thrift in their mind. They take it for granted that they spend money from their parents before they enter into the society. This extravagant spending is primarily caused by the following factors.

First of all, nowadays most of the students are the only children of their families. They are the apple in their family’s eyes and naturally get more care and pocket money. In addition, with the improvement of living standards, parents can afford higher expenditure of their children. Moreover, some students like to pursue fashion and trends, which tend to need more money. Finally, campus love is also a possible factor causing extravagant spending.

From my point of view, a college student, as a pure consumer, should learn to be thrifty. We should limit our expenditure on daily necessities but not buy whatever we want regardless of their prices. The habit of thrift can help us form right values and is favorable to our future development.




How to Solve the Housing Problem in Big Cities


The shortage of housing in big cities is one of the most serious problems of modern living. Increasing numbers of people are finding it difficult to conduct normal family and work duties because they either have nowhere to live or their houses are inadequate. This is a problem that requires an urgent solution because it leads to social unrest and economic inefficiency.

Some people suggest that the solution to the problem is to build more high-rise apartments, others are in favor of underground housing areas. I prefer the first idea, because it is cheaper to build above ground than below. Besides, people prefer to live in the open air and see the sunshine.

The second idea is not practical. One reason for this is that it is dangerous to construct living places under streets and buildings. Another reason is that it would take too much time to carry out, and in the meantime the number of people waiting for houses would increase, thus making the problem worse.




Advantage and Disadvantages of Being an Only Child


My father used to talk to me about his five siblings. He used to say that I was unfortunate that I had none. And I used to envy him and wonder how nice it would be to have a houseful of brothers and sisters. I also used to wonder what would happen to me if I were to lose my parents. Frankly speaking, I do not have to share anything with anybody. I own all my parents" love. I can ask for anything I want. I always wear new clothes and eat the best food. Since my parents spend all their money on me, I can study at the best university of the country.

Lucky as I am, I now and then feel very lonely and I have nobody to complain about my loneliness. How I long for a quarrel with my brothers and sisters! Of course I have classmates and friends, but they are different. Sometimes I feel so pessimistic that after my parents leave the world, I will have no blood relatives left to share with me the fond memories of my parents. Furthermore, I am likely to become selfish while I realize the world is for sharing.

So, I am happy but lonely; I am fortunate but piteous; I am loved but spoiled; I am well-bred but selfish, because I am the only child of the family.




1、Many people insist that... 很多人(坚持)认为……


2、With the development of science and technology, more and more people believe that... 随着科技的发展,越来越多的人认为……


3、A lot of people seem to think that... 很多人似乎认为……

”think“终于闪亮登场,但”seem to“为整个句子增添了点婉转之感,这种客观的方式貌似较受老外(尤其腐国人)喜爱,



1、People"s views on... vary from person to person. Some hold that... . However, others believe that.... 人们对……的观点因人而异。有些人认为.....然而其他人却认为……


2、Attitudes towards (drugs) vary from person to person. 人们对待吸毒的态度因人而异。


3、People may have different opinions on... 人们对……可能会有不同的见解。


4、There are different opinions among people as to... 关于……人们的观点大不相同。

”different“虽拉低了水准,但”as to“又拯救了回来。

5、Different people hold different attitudes toward (failure). 对(失败)人们的态度各不相同。



1、Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that... 把所有这些因素加以考虑,我们自然会得出结论……

很完全的答法,”take sth into consideration“短语的`应用,加分。

2、Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the conclusion that... 考虑所有这些因素,我们可能会得出合理的结论……

”Take into account sth“短语似乎又比上句的”take sth into consideration“提升了一个层次。

3、Hence/Therefore, we"d better come to the conclusion that... 因此,自然我们得出以下结论。。。


再特意提一句:”we"d better“在这里不是“不得不”或“最好”的意思,而是一种自然而然,水到渠成的得出结论,

4、There is no doubt that (job-hopping) has its drawbacks as well as merits. 毫无疑问,跳槽有优点也有缺点。

短语”there is no doubt that“上线,同时运用我们的老朋友”as well as“增加看点。

5、All in all, we cannot live without... But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with the problems that would arise. 总之,我们没有……是无法生活的。但同时,我们必须寻求新的解决办法来对付可能出现的新问题。



1、It is high time that we put an end to the (trend). 该是我们停止这一趋势的时候了。

”It is high time“ 打头,为该句增色。注:that 后跟虚拟语气,后跟动词的一般过去式,表示“是某人做。。。的时候了”或者“是某人不做。。。的时候了”

2、It is time to take the advice of ... and to put special emphasis on the improvement of ... 该是采纳……的建议,并对……的进展给予非常重视的时候了。

去掉一个”high“,画风完全不一样,不用过去式,只需用”to do“来替代。

3、There is no doubt that enough concern must be paid to the problem of ... 毫无疑问,对……问题应予以足够的重视。

”there is no doubt that“+被动还是蛮经典的组合。

4、Obviously,.... If we want to do something... , it is essential that... 显然,如果我们想做某事,我们需要……

这句有些老生常谈,稍微不“常”的就是”essential“ 替代了”important“。

5、Only in this way can we... 只有这样,我们才能...


6、It must be realized that... 我们必须意识到...

把人人都会的”I realized“升格为被动语态,省略了主语,监考老师绝对会眼前一亮的!



1、Obviously, if we don"t control the problem, the chances are that... will lead us in danger. 很明显,如果我们不能控制这一问题,很有可能我们会陷入危险。

”the chances are that“替代了”may“,果然说话拐弯的生物不止是中国人。

2、No doubt, unless we take effective measures, it is very likely that... 毫无疑问,除非我们采取有效措施,否则很可能会……


3、It is urgent that immediate measures should be taken to stop the situation. 应立即采取措施阻止这一事态的发展。

”It is urgent that“+被动,效果不错滴。


My View On TV Shopping

Nowadays, with the fast development of mass media networks,

people are experiencing unprecedented convenience of handling daily matters.

TV shopping programs, for example, have made shopping so simple that it has become a fashion and trend that we can hardly resist.

However, everything can be a double-edged sword and TV shopping program is no exception.

TV shopping has its advantages.

Firstly, it is very convenient for consumers to make their purchase without going out and walking wearily from one shop window to another.

Secondly, compared with paper advertisements,

TV shopping programs show us the goods more vividly. When it comes to disadvantages, it seems that we, as consumers, can hear and see what is presented, but stand a narrow chance of knowing for sure what the goods are really like, and sometimes these salesmen just sweet talk us into buying what we do not need or something of poor quality. While making good use of TV shopping programs, we should be rational about what is advertised on TV and spend our money in a reasonable and cost-effective way.






With the modernization of the world, people’s standard of living has improved a lot. Then there appears a state of sub-health among people which poses a new threat to them.

There are some tpical symptoms for people who are in a state of sub-health. First of all, those who suffer from it often have a headache or backache. Secondly, they feel like having a rest frequently. What upsets us most is that, the situation spreading countrywide. As a result, more and more workers in big cities are harassed by it, with a percentage of 75 in Beijing, 72 in Shanghai and 70 in Guangzhou respectively.

Then how can we sovle this problem effectibely? Experts suggest that the best way to keep ourselves thealthy is to do exercises. It is also very important that people should form a good living habit, for example, getting up early and going to sleep early. Only doing so can we keep us healthy.



1. 说明事物现状

2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)

3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法

Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一). Besides -------------------(A的"优点之二). But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,------------------(A的第二个缺点). Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法). (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to



Nowadays, there are more and more [某种现象] in [某种场合]. It is estimated that [相关数据]. Why have there been so many [某种现象]? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows. The first one is [原因一]. Besides, [原因二]. The third one is [原因三]. To sum up, the main cause of [某种现象] is due to [最主要原因]. It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing, [解决办法一]. On the other hand, [解决办法二]. All these measures will certainly reduce the number of [某种现象].


友谊意味着什么(what does friendship mean? )

directions: for this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: what does friendship mean? you should write at least 120 words and you shouldbase your composition on the outline (given in chinese) below:




there is no definite answer. an eternal theme in literature, friendship is also indispensable in daily life.

friendship is to our life what salt is to dishes. when you are happy, friendship is just like adding flowers on the brocade; when you are sad, friendship is a dose of consolation; if you are in trouble, friends will surround you and remove the barriers for you; if you have a hard nut to crack, you can turn to friends for help. we admire the great friendship between marx and engel, which firmly combined them and pushed them forward on the road to exploring and fulfilling communism.

friendship isn"t almighty, but no one can live happily without it.




〔原文〕I met him in the street yesterday.

〔修正〕It was in the street that I met him yesterday.

It was yesterday that I met him in the street.


He sat in a chair with a newspaper in the hand.


Satisfied with the result,He decided to go on with a new experiment.


Only in this way can we achieve our goal.

Never before have I seen such a wonderful film.

Not only should we study in the college, but also learn how to be a decent person.


If so,victory will be ours.

You can make some changes wherever necessary.


〔原文〕He stopped us half an hour ago. He made us catch the next offender.

〔修正〕He stopped us half an hour ago and made us catch the next offender.

〔原文〕We had a short rest. Then we began to play happily. We sang and danced.

Some told stories. Some played chess.

〔修正〕After a short rest, we had great fun singing and dancing, telling jokes and playing chess.注意使用不同长度的"句子,要结合使用,不能只用短句或只用长句。


①递进: then(然后), besides(还有), furthermore(而且), moreover(此外)等。

②转折: however(然而), but(但是), on the contrary (相反), after all(毕竟)等。

③总结: finally(最后), at last(最后), in brief(总之), in conclusion(最后)等。

④强调: indeed(确实), certainly(一定), surely(确定), above all(尤其)等。

⑤对比: in the same way(同样地), just as(正如), on the one hand…on the other hand(一方面……另一方面……)等。

相似的比较: similarly, in the same manner 相反的比较: on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …,


〔原文〕A new railway is being built in my hometown.

〔修正〕A new railway is under construction in my hometown.


〔原文〕I like reading while my brother likes watching television.

〔修正〕I like reading while my brother enjoys watching television.

I like reading while watching television appeals to my brother.


Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying ”The beautiful thing about learning is that nobody can take that away from you.“ You can cite examples to illustrate the beauty and features of knowledge. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.


The Beauty of Knowledge

Praise of knowledge has never come to an end since ancient times. Apparently, knowledge is a treasure that everybody volunteers to possess and much of success could be attributed to it directly or indirectly.

As far as I am concerned, the beauty of knowledge can be explained in three aspects.

Firstly, knowledge is open to all human beings. People can learn whatever they wish in one way or another. Secondly, knowledge learnt can be reflected in one"s later life, so that one knows how to savor the present moment in peaceful times and how to deal with problems in difficult times. Last but not least, one of the most prominent features of knowledge is that one carries it throughout his life. Even if one loses a large fortune, he will never be a beggar if he already knows how to make money.

To sum up, knowledge is of great importance in one"s lifetime. It is advisable that one should learn the beauty of knowledge and enjoy the process of learning.


Composition for reference Nowadays, one of the most serious problems China is faced with is brain drain. While shortages of talent trouble many universities and state-owned enterprises, millions of talented people either emigrate to developed countries or work for foreign companies. At the same time, a big crowd of well-educated people who are determined to follow their footsteps take TOEFL or GRE as their passport to the West. However, people see this phenomenon in different perspectives. Some hold the opinion that China suffers a lot from brain drain. They argue, on the one hand, that brain drain considerably weakens our international competitiveness. On the other hand, they believe that the talent should serve their native country first. In contrast, others highlight the advantages of international exchange and cooperation. They claim that Chinese youths should go abroad to study and gain more experience. What"s more, the long-term benefits will outweigh losses we suffer now. Brain drain poses a challenge. China should go all out to attract talented people in order to better compete in the world. For one thing, decent living and working conditions should be offered to specialists. For another, we have to better develop our economy, which is a sure bait for all kinds of talent.


Teachers are the shapers of human souls. I still remember how my teachers pulled my through a critical moment. I did a bad job in the first preparation test for the entrance examination and I was considerably depressed. Then my teachers came to my rescue. Patiently, my English teacher analyzed the paper word by word and encouraged me to carry on My Chemistry teacher also gave me a precious gift. He told me not to be obsessed with the test results and encouraged me to find fun in learning. Their help enabled me to survive the competition and will surely benefit me in the future.

Perhaps I’ll never have a chance to repay all that I have received from my teachers. But I’ll try to be a useful person and become their pride




1、With the development of science and technology, more and more people believe that... 随着科技的发展,越来越多的人认为……(绝对经典,绝对万能,尤其在紧脏的头脑一片空白下使用也不失安全牌)

2、Many people insist that... 很多人(坚持)认为…… (insist还是比较高大上的呢)

3、A lot of people seem to think that... 很多人似乎认为……(seem to委婉的说法,也是讨喜的一种说法)


1、People"s views on... vary from person to person. Some hold that... . However, others believe that.... 人们对……的观点因人而异。有些人认为.....然而其他人却认为…… (vary from...to...经典搭配,亮出观点的时候适用。)

2、Attitudes towards (drugs) vary from person to person. 人们对待吸毒的态度因人而异。(towards,亮眼词)

3、People may have different opinions on... 人们对……可能会有不同的见解。(may委婉用法)

4、There are different opinions among people as to... 关于……人们的观点大不相同。(as to用法较高级)

5、Different people hold different attitudes toward (failure). 对(失败)人们的态度各不相同。(hold,亮点词)


1、Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that... 把所有这些因素加以考虑,我们自然会得出结论……(“take sth into consideration”为固定搭配)

2、Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the conclusion that... 考虑所有这些因素,我们可能会得出合理的结论……(“Take into account sth”再次提升了一个层次“)

3、Hence/Therefore, we"d better come to the conclusion that... 因此,自然我们得出以下结论。。。(Hence,高级用法;come to the conlusion that万能总结句型;had better,水到渠成的流畅感)

4、There is no doubt that (job-hopping) has its drawbacks as well as merits. 毫无疑问,跳槽有优点也有缺点。(”there is no doubt that“万能经典搭配;”drawbacks“与”merits“的使用提升档次)

5、All in all, we cannot live without... But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with the problems that would arise. 总之,我们没有……是无法生活的。但同时,我们必须寻求新的解决办法来对付可能出现的新问题。(一般用于结尾,万能句式;cope with的出现比较亮眼)


1、It is high time that we put an end to the (trend). 该是我们停止这一趋势的时候了。(”It is high time that“ 后跟虚拟语气,即动词的"一般过去式,表示“是做。。。的时候了”或者“是不做。。。的时候了”)

2、It is time to take the advice of ... and to put special emphasis on the improvement of ... 该是采纳……的建议,并对……的进展给予非常重视的时候了。(注意”It is high time“与”It is time“的区别,前者接被动语态,后者接”to do“。)

3、There is no doubt that enough concern must be paid to the problem of ... 毫无疑问,对……问题应予以足够的重视。(”there is no doubt that“+被动为固定搭配,也不会落入俗套)

4、Obviously,.... If we want to do something... , it is essential that... 显然,如果我们想做某事,我们需要……(essential至少比important高级)

5、Only in this way can we... 只有这样,我们才能...(Only+倒装,绝对经典的万能句式)

6、It must be realized that... 我们必须意识到...(be realized that比we realized 隔着1000个 I think的差距)


1、Obviously, if we don"t control the problem, the chances are that... will lead us in danger. 很明显,如果我们不能控制这一问题,很有可能我们会陷入危险。(还是蛮高级的用法)

2、No doubt, unless we take effective measures, it is very likely that... 毫无疑问,除非我们采取有效措施,否则很可能会……(unless ..., it is very likely that的使用还是比较容易让监考老师眼前一亮的)

3、It is urgent that immediate measures should be taken to stop the situation. 应立即采取措施阻止这一事态的发展。



My View on Major Ranking

1. 当今社会,专业排名很流行

2. 各人看法不同

3. 我自己的观点


My View on Major Ranking

In recent years, it is very popular to rankmajors. Major ranking lists based on a variety ofcriteria can be found on some educational websitesor newspapers. These lists have great influence onstudents and many of them have come to rely onthese lists to make their major-choice decisions.

To this phenomenon, people’s opinions vary from each other. Some think that the resultsof the ranking are helpful for high school students to choose a major field of study, e.g., somelists tell people what majors will lead to decent jobs after graduation. Some people, however,believe that many lists are actually useless. Rankings are only about numbers and they do nottell you anything about the distinct nature of the major. Besides, some majors may be listed ashot majors when students enter colleges, but will be unpopular when they graduate.

As far as I’m concerned, we should not over-stress major ranking. It should beremembered that rankings can play a big role in the selection of a major but it should not bethe only criterion. Many factors including your own perception of the major should matter inyour final choice.


Supposea foreign friend of yours in coming to visit your hometown/campus/China. Whatis the place would you show him or her and why?


首段:I amexcited to know that you are going to visit my(hometown/campus/country) andI am looking forward to see you soon. I cherished everything that happened whenI visited your(hometown/campus/country), soIt’s my turn to accept you here. To be sure, I will make your stay enjoyableand wonderful。


尾段:I’m sure you willvery enjoy about all these Culturalattractions, and a bunch of interesting activity is waiting for us toparticipate in. Just pack up and go, I will assure you a wonderful trip. By theway, if you have any question or suggestion, please contact me.I am lookingforward to your coming。



1. 柱状图写作注重“比较”(找出similarity)和“对比”(找出difference),也就是说需要横向总结所有柱状图表的共性特征,也要分别描写各个柱子的个性特征。

2. 有两种写作方式:其一是对不同时间段内的数据进行比较,适合于数据代表的物体较少且时间界限明确的"情况。另外是对单独数据的全程描述,适合于描述数据对象很多且时间划定不清晰的情况。


1) the bar chart shows the changes in the numberof……over the period from……to……


2) the bar chart provides some interesting dataregarding……


3) this is a bar chart which describes the trend of……


4) As can be seen from the diagram,great changes have takenplace in……



1. 曲线图是动态图,解题的切入点在于描述趋势;

2. 在开头部分对整个曲线进行一个阶段式的总分类;

3. 趋势说明。即,对曲线的连续变化进行说明,如上升、下降、波动、持平。以时间为比较基础的应抓住“变化”:上升、下降、或是波动;

4. 极点说明。即对图表中最高的、最低的点单独进行说明。不以时间为比较基础的应注意对极点的描述。


1) The line chart depicts the changes in the number of……over the period from to .


2) The chart provides some data regarding thefluctuations of…… from to .


3) The graph,presented in the curve diagram,shows the general trend in…….



1. 表格与饼图一样,都是静态图。切入点在描述分配;

2. 表格题考查列举数字的能力和方法。通过举一些有代表性的数据来说明问题;

3. 横向比较。介绍横向各个数据的区别、变化和趋势;

4. 纵向比较。介绍纵向各个数据的区别、变化和趋势;

5. 不需要将每一个数据分别说明,突出强调数据最大值和最小值;

6. 对比时要总结出数据对比最悬殊的和最小的。


1) This is a table which illustrates……


2) this table shows the changing proportion of a & b from……to……


3) the table shows the general trend in……


4) this is a table showing……




The importance of saving money

As far as we are concerned, today most Chinese college students are in favor of the idea of saving money for later use, while quite many others think it is much better to use tomorrow’s money today.

In my opinion, I agree with the former. Firstly, saving money help people get rid of some difficulties such as accidents, disease or other mishaps. As we all know that, when one faces such tragedies as fir damage or fatal disease, one would need a large amount of money to survive such difficulties. Secondly, saving money can give one a sense of satisfaction. Since most people work hard every day, what makes them feel happy and satisfied is that they find they have accumulated a large deposit through their hard-working, and they will go on doing their best to work. Thirdly, saving money allows one to give a helping hand to others who are in need of money. With money available at the moment, one can offer badly needed help to those in temporary difficulty, say, those who are suffering from flood, famine, a car accident, or things like that. Yet taking a loan from a bank is often too costly. Thus, the timely help will be rewarded with gratitude.

All in all, it is useful for college students to save money, and it is also an important aspect of the Chinese conception of virtue.





Nowadays ,there are more and more XX in some big cities . It is estimated that ( 1 ). Why have there been so many XX ? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.The first one is that ( 2 ) .Besides,( 3 ) . The third reason is ( 4 ).To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( 5 ) .

It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing ,( 6 ).On the other hand ,( 7 ). All these measures will certainly reduce the number of XX .



(6)解决建议一 (7)解决建议二

Generation gap between parents and children

Nowadays , there are more and more misunderstanding between parents and children which is so- called generation gap . It is estimated that (75 percentages of parents often complain their children"s unreasonable behavior while children usually think their parents too old fashioned).

Why have there been so much misunderstanding between parents and children?Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows . The first one is that ( the two generations,having grown up at different times, have different likes and dislikes ,thus the disagreement often rises between them) . Besides(due to having little in common to talk about , they are not willing to sit face to face ) . The third reason is (with the pace of modern life becoming faster and faster , both of them are so busy with their work or study that they don"t spare enough time to exchange ideas ).To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( lake of communication and understanding each other) .

It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing (children should respect their parents ).On the other hand ,( parents also should show solicitue for their children). All these measures will certainly bridge the generation gap .



In recent years , xx has caused a heated debate on ( 1 ).

The factors for ( 2 ) .First of all ,( 3 ).Then , there comes a case that ( 4 ). Moreover , ( 5 ) . Especially when ( 6 ) .Indeed, these unique points can be collected theo remind people that ( 7 ).In this way ,we should behave just like ( 8 ).

The impact of Television.

In recent years , with the development of science and technology ,80 percent of all homes in China have satellite TV , offering as many as 50 channels .It has caused a heated debate on (the impact of television on children ). Many parents are worried about the impact of so much television on children.

The factors for (parents" worry is that children are indulge in television and spend too much time on it .) .First of all ,(with so many programs to choose from , children are not getting as much exercise as they should ).Then , there comes a case that ( some studies have show that excessive watching of television by millions of children has lowered their ability to achieve in school ).

Moreover , ( the effect on children"s minds are more serious than the effect on children"s bodies ) . Especially when ( the children are too small to judge what programs are suit to them ) .

Indeed, these unique points can be connected to remind parents that ( they should pay close attention to and responsibilities for supervising their children"s TV viewing ).In this way ,children will not be influented too deeply .



For most of us today ,(1).From above ,we can find that the reasons why (2) are as follows.The primary reason ,i think, is (3).Second,(4).The third reason, actually ,is (5).The significance for (6) ,

Therefore ,(7).



My name is Liming. I am studying at college. A week ago I saw a traffic accident , which is still vivid in my mind.

It was at about 9:00 on Saturday morning, June 15th, when I went out of the university to visit a friend of mine at another university. I was walking leisurely on the sidewalk when I heard a loud crash of two vehicles just at the T-junction about 10 meters away. Two taxis crashed together. It was a traffic accident.

??I went up and found that the two taxis were badly damaged. Both hoofs were out of shape. One door of a car was knocked off and lying on the road. One driver was blooding and another was shut in the taxi. Some people were trying to help the driver get out of the damaged car. One man was calling to the traffic policeman station. A lot of cars were jammed on the road.

From the stopping track on the road, it is clear that the two taxis were driving too fast. But it is just one of the reasons. In my opinion, the taxi drivers are eager to take more passengers and make a little more money. On the other hand, both drivers don"t show concern for one another. Both of them wanted to run in front of another. Therefore, the accident is inevitable. So far, we should let the drivers keep it in their mind that a little slower, a little safer. Taking care of other"s lives means taking care of your own life.



题目:Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay based on the picture below. You should comment on the role of mobile phone in people"s communication. You are required to write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

参考范文:The Role of Mobile Phone in People"s Communication

The popularity of smartphones has exerted great influence on the way people communicate, so much so that an increasing number of individuals contend that face-to-face communication is being replaced by texts and images on the mobile phone.

There are more than one angle to consider this phenomenon. On one hand, it is pleasantly acknowledged that smartphones shorten the distance between families and friends. Even people from different sides of the globe can share pictures, feelings and thoughts through various types of apps on the phone, thus building a long-distance connection. On the other hand, as the picture warns us, too much smartphone addiction interferes with people"s real-life communication. Statistics show that over 70 percent of face-to-face communication consists of facial expressions and body language, which is why people should stay away from mobile phones when they have the chance to actually talk and communicate with others.

In a word, mobile phones act as an appropriate platform where people can always stay in tough however long the distance is, but a wise man should know when to put down his phone.


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