英语四级考试大纲 2023-11-20 11:55:25 英语四级考试大纲




My View On TV Shopping

Nowadays, with the fast development of mass media networks,

people are experiencing unprecedented convenience of handling daily matters.

TV shopping programs, for example, have made shopping so simple that it has become a fashion and trend that we can hardly resist.

However, everything can be a double-edged sword and TV shopping program is no exception.

TV shopping has its advantages.

Firstly, it is very convenient for consumers to make their purchase without going out and walking wearily from one shop window to another.

Secondly, compared with paper advertisements,

TV shopping programs show us the goods more vividly. When it comes to disadvantages, it seems that we, as consumers, can hear and see what is presented, but stand a narrow chance of knowing for sure what the goods are really like, and sometimes these salesmen just sweet talk us into buying what we do not need or something of poor quality. While making good use of TV shopping programs, we should be rational about what is advertised on TV and spend our money in a reasonable and cost-effective way.


Each bird loves to hear himself sing. 鸟儿都爱听自己唱歌。

Each day brings its own bread. 天无绝人之路。

Each man is the architect of his own fate. 命运掌握在自己手中。

Eagles catch no flies. 大人物不计较小事情。

Eagles fly alone, but sheep flock together. 鹰单飞,羊群集。

Early mistakes are the seeds of future trouble. 早期的错误可以酿成日后的麻烦。

Early sow, early mow. 播种早的收获早。

Early start makes easy stages. 早开始是成功的保证。

Early to bed and early to rise make a man healthy, wealthy and wise. 早睡早起,令人健康、富有而且聪明。

Early wed, early dead. 早婚早夭。

Easier said than done. 说话容易做事难。

East or west, home is best. 在家千日好,出门时时难。

Easy come, easy go. 易得易失。

Eat at pleasure, drink with measure. 随意吃饭,适度饮酒。

Eat one""s cake and have it. 又要马儿好,又要马儿不吃草。

Eat to live, but not live to eat. 吃饭是为了生存,但生存不是为了吃饭。

Eat to please thyself, but dress to please others. 吃是使自己受用,穿是使别人受用。

Education begins a gentleman, conversation completes him. 人的教养始于教育,成于社交。

Education has for its object the formation of character. 教育的目的在于培养品德。

Elbow grease gives the best polish. 只要功夫深,铁杵磨成针。

Empty vessels make the greatest sound. 空桶响声大。

Enough is as good as a feast. 知足常乐。

Envy assails the noblest, the winds howl around the highest peak. 高位遭人妒,高峰招风吹。

Equivocation is first cousin to a lie. 支支吾吾,其言必诈。

Errors, like straws, upon the surface flow; he who would search for pearls must dive below. 错误像稻草,漂浮在水面。欲觅珍珠者,须往水下潜。

Even Homer sometimes nods. 人非圣贤,孰能无过。

Even the walls have ears. 隔墙有耳。

Every advantage has its disadvantage. 有利必有弊。


Gain got by a lie will burn one""s fingers. 靠欺骗得来的利益会使自己受害。

Gather ye rosebuds while ye may. 有花堪折直须折。

Genius often betrays itself into great errors. 天才常被天才误。

Gifts from enemies are dangerous. 敌人礼,藏危险。

Give a dog a bad name and hang him. 欲加之罪,何患无词。

Give a fool rope enough and he will hang himself. 授绳与愚,愚能自傅。

Give a lark to catch a kite. 得不偿失。

Give as good as one gets. 以其人之道,还治其人之身。

Give a thief rope enough and he will hang himself. 多行不义必自毙。

Give every man thine ear, but few thy voice. 要多听少说。

Give hostages to fortune. 听天由命。

Glory, honour, wealth, and rank, such things are nothing but shadows. 富贵如浮云。

Glory is the shadow of virtue. 光荣是美德的影子。

God defend me from my friends; form my enemy I can defend myself. 防友靠天,防敌靠己。

God helps those who help themselves. 自助者天助之。

God never shuts one door but he opens another. 天无绝人之路。

God sends fortune to fools. 蠢人有蠢福。

God sends meat and the devil sends cooks. 鲜肉由天次,劣厨乃鬼遣。

Go farther and fare worse. 一动不如一静。

Go for wool and come home shorn. 求得反失。

Gold will not buy everything. 黄金不能购买一切。

Good children make glad parents. 孩子好,父母笑。



Love in College

As a college student, campus is our home, a warm and sunny house, you can find the vigor to live and sustain for ever. But do remember there is unusual scenery you should pay great attention to, that is the love in the campus. When it comes to this theme, various words rushed into my mind, sweet, happy, love for ever, everything sounds to be wonderful.

However, our elders always exaggerate about love in college. They believe that it is a waste of time and money. It will make students to forget their studies and eventually may even destroy their lives.

As for me, although I am looking forward to having an excellent boy study and live with me, it is just a dream actually.① We are still children, do not have enough experience in love; we do not take in the spirit of true love.② For us it is just a good feeling, a slight feeling because of well-dressed or handsome appearance, not by instinct. How about the personality or her habits, we do not know, we just love because of her beauty. Love depending on this will certainly go not so further, one day, you find you two are unable to share in the same way, you will quit, leaving tears fallen down. It turns out that love in the campus is commonly short and dreamful.

I think after you become mature enough, then you can use your sharp eyes to recognize people, find who you really suit to, then, take it seriously.③

[261 words]



文章结构精巧,论证有力,正反对比加强了论证的效果。段落之间运用了however,as for me 这样的过渡词使文章思路更加清晰,一目了然。certainly, seriously这样的词汇更使作者的态度鲜明确定。文章使用口语体的形式,所以在一些连接词的使用上没有过于遵守语法规则,这一点需要注意。








vigor n. 精力,活力

sustain vt. 维持,持续

scenery n. 风景,景色

exaggerate v. 夸大,夸张

instinct n. 本能,直觉,天性

personality n. 人格,个性


①【注释】look forward to期待做…,盼望….

【临摹】They are looking forward to her visit.他们在期待着她的来访。

②【注释】take in理解,吸收

【临摹】We couldn’t take in the meaning of the word.我们无法理解这个词的含义。

③【注释】take sth. seriously严肃对待…,认真看待…

【临摹】You should step away from the video games,and take your study seriously.你应该远离电子游戏,认真对待学业。


Love me little, love me long. 爱不贵亲密,贵长久。

Love is blind. 爱情是盲目的。




1、With the development of science and technology, more and more people believe that... 随着科技的发展,越来越多的人认为……(绝对经典,绝对万能,尤其在紧脏的头脑一片空白下使用也不失安全牌)

2、Many people insist that... 很多人(坚持)认为…… (insist还是比较高大上的呢)

3、A lot of people seem to think that... 很多人似乎认为……(seem to委婉的说法,也是讨喜的一种说法)


1、People"s views on... vary from person to person. Some hold that... . However, others believe that.... 人们对……的观点因人而异。有些人认为.....然而其他人却认为…… (vary from...to...经典搭配,亮出观点的时候适用。)

2、Attitudes towards (drugs) vary from person to person. 人们对待吸毒的态度因人而异。(towards,亮眼词)

3、People may have different opinions on... 人们对……可能会有不同的见解。(may委婉用法)

4、There are different opinions among people as to... 关于……人们的观点大不相同。(as to用法较高级)

5、Different people hold different attitudes toward (failure). 对(失败)人们的态度各不相同。(hold,亮点词)


1、Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that... 把所有这些因素加以考虑,我们自然会得出结论……(“take sth into consideration”为固定搭配)

2、Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the conclusion that... 考虑所有这些因素,我们可能会得出合理的结论……(“Take into account sth”再次提升了一个层次“)

3、Hence/Therefore, we"d better come to the conclusion that... 因此,自然我们得出以下结论。。。(Hence,高级用法;come to the conlusion that万能总结句型;had better,水到渠成的流畅感)

4、There is no doubt that (job-hopping) has its drawbacks as well as merits. 毫无疑问,跳槽有优点也有缺点。(”there is no doubt that“万能经典搭配;”drawbacks“与”merits“的使用提升档次)

5、All in all, we cannot live without... But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with the problems that would arise. 总之,我们没有……是无法生活的。但同时,我们必须寻求新的解决办法来对付可能出现的新问题。(一般用于结尾,万能句式;cope with的出现比较亮眼)


1、It is high time that we put an end to the (trend). 该是我们停止这一趋势的时候了。(”It is high time that“ 后跟虚拟语气,即动词的"一般过去式,表示“是做。。。的时候了”或者“是不做。。。的时候了”)

2、It is time to take the advice of ... and to put special emphasis on the improvement of ... 该是采纳……的建议,并对……的进展给予非常重视的时候了。(注意”It is high time“与”It is time“的区别,前者接被动语态,后者接”to do“。)

3、There is no doubt that enough concern must be paid to the problem of ... 毫无疑问,对……问题应予以足够的重视。(”there is no doubt that“+被动为固定搭配,也不会落入俗套)

4、Obviously,.... If we want to do something... , it is essential that... 显然,如果我们想做某事,我们需要……(essential至少比important高级)

5、Only in this way can we... 只有这样,我们才能...(Only+倒装,绝对经典的万能句式)

6、It must be realized that... 我们必须意识到...(be realized that比we realized 隔着1000个 I think的差距)


1、Obviously, if we don"t control the problem, the chances are that... will lead us in danger. 很明显,如果我们不能控制这一问题,很有可能我们会陷入危险。(还是蛮高级的用法)

2、No doubt, unless we take effective measures, it is very likely that... 毫无疑问,除非我们采取有效措施,否则很可能会……(unless ..., it is very likely that的使用还是比较容易让监考老师眼前一亮的)

3、It is urgent that immediate measures should be taken to stop the situation. 应立即采取措施阻止这一事态的发展。



Which Is More Important

As can be seen from the picture above, there is a conversation between a son and a father. The father told his son that it is more important to empty the dustbin than to worry about disposing of nuclear waste, that is to say, small things go first when dealing with big things. I’m definitely on the father’s side in this and I’m sure I’m not alone.

A case in point is the successful launch of ShenZhou 10 spacecraft, which excites everyone and makes every feel proud of China. Behind this great event there are a host of detailed things, called petty things, conducted by millions of scientists, who have devoted themselves to the mission. It is the petty things that contribute to the success, which reminds us of the significance of small things. We also take ourselves for example. It is acknowledged that before running we must learn to stand and walk building up a solid foundation for running. Although walking is considered as a trifle while running is treated as a great thing, walking is the first step.

As an old saying, One can’t Make a By Success without Bing Self reliant. So we should keep it in our mind that before accomplishing important tasks, perform small tasks. Only in this way can we make the highest eminence.


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